Prevention of Hepatitis C

 

Primary prevention

There is no vaccine for hepatitis C. The risk of infection can be reduced by avoiding:

  • unnecessary and unsafe injections;
  • unsafe blood products;
  • unsafe sharps waste collection and disposal;
  • use of illicit drugs and sharing of injection equipment;
  • unprotected sex with hepatitis C-infected people;
  • sharing of sharp personal items that may be contaminated with infected blood;
  • tattoos, piercings and acupuncture performed with contaminated equipment.
Secondary and tertiary prevention

For people infected with the hepatitis C virus, WHO recommends:

  • education and counselling on options for care and treatment;
  • immunization with the hepatitis A and B vaccines to prevent coinfection from these hepatitis viruses to protect their liver;
  • early and appropriate medical management including antiviral therapy if appropriate; and
  • regular monitoring for early diagnosis of chronic liver disease.

Source: WHO

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