Early diagnosis can prevent health problems that may result from infection and prevent transmission to family members and other close contacts. Some countries recommend screening for people who may be at risk for infection.
- people who have received blood, blood products or organs before screening for hepatitis C virus was implemented, or where screening was not yet widespread;
- current or former injecting drug users (even those who injected drugs once many years ago);
- people on long-term haemodialysis;
- health-care workers;
- people living with HIV;
- people with abnormal liver tests or liver disease;
- infants born to infected mothers.